The Multiplexed Structured Image Capture (MUSIC) technique is used to demonstrate single-shot multiframe passive imaging, with a nanosecond difference between the resulting images. This technique uses modulation of light from a scene before imaging, in order to encode the target’s temporal evolution into spatial frequency shifts, each of which corresponds to a unique time and results in individual and distinct snapshots. The resulting images correspond to different effective imaging gate times, because of the optical path delays. Computer processing of the multiplexed single-shot image recovers the nanosecond-resolution evolution. The MUSIC technique is used to demonstrate imaging of a laser-induced plasma. Simultaneous single-shot measurements of electron numbers by coherent microwave scattering were obtained and showed good agreement with MUSIC characterization. The MUSIC technique demonstrates spatial modulation of images used for passive imaging. This allows multiple frames to be stacked into a single image. This method could also pave the way for real-time imaging and characterization of ultrafast processes and visualization, as well as general tracking of fast objects.
Mark Gragston, Cary Smith, Daniil Kartashov, Mikhail N. Shneider, and Zhili Zhang. "Single-shot nanosecond-resolution multiframe passive imaging by multiplexed structured image capture." Optics Express Vol. 26, Issue 22, pp. 28441-28452 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.028441