Source Publication (e.g., journal title)

The 17th International Conference on Scientometrics & Informetrics, September 2-5, 2019, Rome, Italy

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

2019

Abstract

Open peer review (OPR) is an important innovation in the open science movement. OPR can play a significant role in advancing scientific communication by increasing its transparency. Despite the growing interest in OPR, adoption of this innovation since the turn of the century has been slow. This study provides the first comprehensive investigation of OPR adoption, its early adopters and the implementation models used. We identified 174 current OPR journals and analysed their wide-ranging implementations to derive emerging OPR models. The findings suggest that: 1) there has been a steady growth in OPR adoption since 2001 when 38 journals initially adopted OPR; 2) OPR adoption is most prevalent in medicine and the natural sciences; 3) three publishers are responsible for 87% of identified OPR journals; 4) early adopter publishers have implemented different models of OPR resulting in different levels of transparency. Across the variations in OPR implementations, two important factors define the degree of transparency: open identities and open reports. Open identities may include reviewer names and affiliation as well as credentials; open reports may include timestamped review histories consisting of referee reports and author rebuttals. When and where open reports can be accessed are also important factors indicating the OPR transparency level. Dimensions that characterize the observed OPR models are outlined.

Submission Type

Post-print

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