Date of Award
Master of Science
Child and Family Studies
Dr. Spencer B. Olmstead
Dr. Megan Haselschwerdt, Dr. Gregory L. Stuart
Guided by Intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1989; 1991) and using data from the Online College Social Life Survey, we investigated whether the concept of the “red-zone” (i.e., the idea that first-year students are more likely than older students to be sexually assaulted; Cranney, 2015) was a universal concept or if it was relevant to only White students. Additionally, we sought to determine whether Black, Indigenous, and Peoples of Color (BIPOC) students were more likely to report having been sexually assaulted than White students. We conducted three logistic regressions to examine overall sexual assault experiences and three logistic regressions to examine whether reported sexual assault experiences occurred during the “red-zone.” Results indicated that Black men were more likely than White men, that AAPI (Asian American and Pacific Islander) and Latinx women were less likely than White women, and that multiracial women were more likely than White women to experience physically-forced rape at some point in college. We also found that Black and multiracial men were more likely than White men, and AAPI and Latinx women were less likely than White women to experience verbally-pressured rape. Results also indicated that AAPI men were less likely than White men and that Black, AAPI, and Latinx women were less likely than White women to be raped while incapacitated during college. Additionally, when examining red-zone experiences, the interaction between racialized identity and sex assigned at birth were not found to be associated with rape experiences measured in this study. However, women were more likely than men to experience sexual assault during the “red-zone.”
Bluhm, Jenae, "Is the “Red-Zone” White?: Associations between Racialized Identity, Sex Assigned at Birth, and College Sexual Assault Experiences. " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 2021.