Date of Award
Master of Arts
David G. Anderson
Boyce Driskell, Kandace Hollenbach
The Big Pine Tree site (38AL143) is located in the Central Savannah River Valley in the coastal plain of South Carolina. A chert quarry site, it has been used since the Late Paleoindian period (12,850-11,200 cal yr BP) and is in fact still utilized to this day by employees of the nearby Archroma facility. The site has been extensively excavated under the direction of Albert C. Goodyear III for many years, resulting in a large assemblage. This research addresses an unusual 30-centimeter thick dark-brown soil stain located between 60-90 centimeters below ground surface that dates to the beginning of the Late Archaic. This band of soil has been referred to as a midden by people who have excavated at the site; this research tests the hypothesis that the midden levels had a higher or more intensive degree of occupation compared to other time periods at the site through mathematical models based in behavioral ecology. Although this research is constrained by the available sample size, the midden levels do appear to represent the most intense use of the site.
Russell, Adam Daniel, "Casting Stones: An Analysis of the Late Archaic Period at the Big Pine Tree Site, South Carolina, Based in Behavioral Ecology. " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 2015.