Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Michael Lane Morris
This biography argues that Bernard pioneered or popularized virtually every major British charity innovation from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries; moreover, that his endorsement of more selective distribution of relief, self-help among the poor, and the application of scientific principles to relief, stemmed from his childhood socialization. I also demonstrate that Bernard never hesitated to call on local or national government resources to assist or complement the work of his private charities. Bernard’s experience supports Joanna Innes’s description of a ‘mixed economy’ of welfare where private, public, personal, and ecclesiastical forms of relief often complemented rather than competed with one another.
Goforth, Keith Dewayne, "Gender comparisons of marriage education participants' and nonparticipants' relational qualities and dynamics. " PhD diss., University of Tennessee, 2003.