Date of Award
Master of Science
Hollie Raynor, Denise Bates
Objective: To test differences on mean fruit and vegetable (FV) eaten, liking, preference, and self-efficacy scores among 3 modes of nutrition education intervention after a 3-week intervention.
Design: Convenience sample, pre- and post-test, quasi-experimental design.
Setting: Three elementary schools in a rural Eastern Tennessee County.
Participants: Participants were 160 3rd-5th graders.
Interventions: Three study schools: experiential (nutrition education, taste tests, and learning activity), conventional (nutrition education and learning activity), and control (learning activity).
Main Outcome Measures: Changes in pre- to post-intervention mean FV eaten, liking, preference, and self-efficacy scores.
Analysis: Mixed model ANOVA to compare the mean pre- and post-scores. Significance was set at the 0.05 level.
Results: Significant increases for preference by intervention group (p=0.015). Although there were no differences by intervention group, significant increases and decreases from pre- to post-intervention were noted for overall FV eaten (p=0.016), liking (p=0.001), and preference (p=.003).
Conclusions and Implications: A 3-week school-based nutrition intervention influenced some factors associated with FV consumption. More research is needed to evaluate sustainability and appropriate, practical intervention duration.
Miller, Elizabeth Diane, "Eat the Rainbow! An Evaluation of a Short-term Fruit and Vegetable Nutrition Education Intervention for Elementary School Children. " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 2011.