LC determination of tramadol, M1, M2, M4, and M5 in plasma
A new LC procedure for the determination of tramadol, an analgesic, and its metabolites has been developed and validated. Following a liquid–liquid extraction using ethyl acetate and hexane, samples were separated by RP-LC on a Symmetry C18 column and quantified using fluorescence detection at an excitation of 202 nm and an emission of 296 nm. The mobile phase was a mixture of potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (0.01 M), 0.1% triethylamine (pH 2.9) and acetonitrile, with a flow-rate of 1.1 mL min−1. The standard curve ranged from 5 to 5,000 ng mL−1. Intra-and inter-assay variability for all the compounds were less that 10% and the average recovery was greater than 90%. This assay is suitable for use in pharmacokinetic studies.
J Yarbrough, C Greenacre, Marcy J. Souza, and S Cox. "LC determination of tramadol, M1, M2, M4, and M5 in plasma" Chromatographia 71.5/6 (2009): 523-527.