Date of Award
Master of Science
Child and Family Studies
Elizabeth I. Johnson
Jeremy Kanter, Chris Elledge
This paper examines the relationship between neighborhood adversity, educational opportunities, and externalizing problems using baseline data from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) study (N = 9,334). Participants ranged in age from 9 to 10 years (M = 9.9). There were slightly more children who identified as male (52.7 percent). In the analytic sample, 56.4 percent of the children were racialized as White (N =5640), 16.1 percent as Black (N =1500), and 23 percent as Hispanic/Latinx (N = 2144). Data were analyzed using regression models that included the main and interactive effects of neighborhood educational opportunities and adversity, controlling for family income, material hardship, parent educational level, and the child's gender and age. Results indicate that, for children racialized as Black, the effect of opportunities was greater at lower levels of disadvantage. For children racialized as Hispanic/Latinx and White, other factors such as family resources constitute the main influence on EPs. Overall findings suggest that opportunities matter depending on contexts, such as levels of adversity, opportunities, and the unique experiences of children within their respective communities. The results bear implications for policy-making decisions and intervention and prevention programs centered around neighborhood and educational opportunities.
Abou Zeid, Nagham, "Neighborhood Adversity and Externalizing Problems: The Moderating Role of Educational Opportunities. " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 2023.
Available for download on Friday, May 15, 2026