Manh VuFollow

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Materials Science and Engineering

Major Professor

Jacqueline A. Johnson

Committee Members

Charles E. Johnson, Zhongren Yue


Europium-doped-fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics, known as ZBLAN, were produced in a glove box which has a controlled environment of argon gas. For imaging applications BaCl2 is used instead of BaF2. Their properties after different thermal processing and different amounts of europium-doping were investigated. After annealing the ZBLAN glass, BaCl2 nanoparticles are precipitated in the glass matrix. These glass ceramic storage phosphors are strong candidates for replacing traditional x-ray screen film system and commercial storage phosphors such as Agfa MD-30.

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to determine the crystallization temperature of the hexagonal phase of BaCl2, and orthorhombic BaCl2 this in turn determines the subsequent annealing temperature. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) show that the hexagonal phase of BaCl2 was formed upon annealing at temperatures between 250 °C and 280 °C for 5 minutes. The orthorhombic phase of BaCl2, which has storage properties, was formed at higher annealing temperatures, at approximately 290 °C and above. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) was used to determine adsorbed/diffused oxygen content of the glass. The weight loss of fluorine and chlorine is 3-5 % and was determined using ion chromatography (IC). The concentration of other cations was determined using inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy (ICP). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to take high resolution pictures and verify the composition of BaCl2 nanoparticles. The relative concentration of Eu2+ to Eu3+ of heated EuCl3 and ZBLAN was studied using Mössbauer spectroscopy. The oxidation of Eu2+ to Eu3+ was also observed during the experiment. This study has reinforced the strong potential for application of glass-ceramic storage phosphors for medical imaging.

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