Date of Award

5-2011

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Major

Mechanical Engineering

Major Professor

Basil N. Antar

Committee Members

Donald J. Malloy, Milt W. Davis

Abstract

Accurate measurement of turbine engine compressor inlet total temperature is paramount for controlling engine speed and pressure ratio. Various methods exist for measuring compressor inlet total temperature on turbojet engines with hydromechanical control. One method involves the use of an ejector-diffuser system (eductor) to pull air from the engine inlet in order to measure the incoming total temperature. Analysis of historical test data has revealed that the inlet temperature measurement can be biased at certain flight conditions causing engine mis-scheduling and off-nominal engine operation. This bias is characterized primarily by adverse heat transfer effects and secondly by poor flow quality in the eductor tubing. Alternate eductor system configurations have been proposed to mitigate temperature bias. A one-dimensional engineering model of the eductor system was developed to facilitate the analysis of baseline and alternate eductor configurations. The model is calibrated with results from Computational Fluid Dynamics and validated with ground test data. The validated model is used to quantify the performance of several eductor configurations throughout the range of expected operating conditions and to quantify the amount of compressor inlet temperature measurement bias mitigation each configuration provides.

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