Induced Variability of Resistance to Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) in Soybeans (Glycine max)
Date of Award
Master of Science
Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology
Nathan S. Hall
Carroll J. Southards, Lawrence N. Skold
The purpose of this study was to determine the variability of resistance to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) in soybeans (Glycine max) induced by seed treatment with ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS).
Two soybean varieties, 'Essex' and 'Forrest,' were chosen as the experimental materials mainly on the basis of their distinct level of resistance; 'Essex' is susceptible and 'Forrest' is resistant. The M2 and control populations were grown and tested for nematode resistance in the greenhouse. The number of gall developed on the roots was used to indicate the level of resistance.
The frequency distribution of the M2 population of 'Essex' was found to be significantly different from that of the control (P < 0.01). The variability of resistance was broadened by the EMS treatment. The M2 population of 'Forrest' showed no significant difference in the frequency distribution as compared with the control (0.50< P < 0.60). The EMS treatment did not significantly alter the variability of resistance.
It is suggested that the probability of altering the variability of resistance to root-knot nematodes through induced mutations is greater in susceptible varieties and in resistant varieties.
Hendratno, "Induced Variability of Resistance to Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) in Soybeans (Glycine max). " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 1976.