Date of Award

12-2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Major

Anthropology

Major Professor

Barbara J. Heath

Committee Members

Henri D. Grissino-Mayer, Elizabeth Kellar-DeCorse, Gerald F. Schroedl

Abstract

This thesis focuses on a contextual archaeological approach to investigate the historic landscape of the Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site. Tipton-Haynes is a late eighteenth- through twentieth-century upland south farmstead located in Johnson City, TN. Home to two prominent Tennessee families and occupied until acquired by the state in the 1960s, the site has experienced many alterations to the landscape over time. The analysis presented views the landscape as material culture investigated through a multidisciplinary approach including historic research, architectural survey, geophysical survey, dendrochronology, and archaeology. To make sense of the complex nature of the Tipton-Haynes site, multiple methods were used in order to achieve context of the historic landscape. Context is then used to provide knowledge of the past by historically situating the landscape. Landscape change was found to be influenced by household dynamics, production, employment, as well as consumer access, attitudes towards construction, and progressive farming.

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