Doctoral Dissertations

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical Engineering

Major Professor

Yilu Liu

Committee Members

Fangxing Li, David Icove, Lin Zhu, Wenpeng Yu


In today's interconnected power grids, forced oscillations and poorly damped low-frequency oscillations are major concerns that can damage equipment, limit power transfer capability, and deteriorate power system stability.

The first part of the dissertation focuses on the impact of a wide-area power oscillation damping (POD) controller via voltage source converter-based high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) in enhancing the power system stability and improving the damping of low-frequency oscillation. The POD controller's performance was investigated under a three-phase temporary line fault. The Great Britain (G.B.) power grid model validated the POD controller performance via active power modulation of VSC-HVDC through TSAT-RTDS hybrid simulation.

The developed POD controller is also implemented on a general-purpose hardware platform CompactRIO and tested on a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) test setup with actual PMU devices and a communication network impairment simulator. A variety of real-world operating conditions is considered in the HIL tests, including measurement error/noise, occasional/consecutive data package losses, constant/random time delays, and multiple backups PMUs.

The second part of the dissertation proposes a two‐dimensional scanning forced oscillation grid vulnerability analysis method to identify areas/zones and oscillation frequency in the system critical to forced oscillation. These critical areas/zones can be considered effective actuator locations to deploy forced oscillation damping controllers. Additionally, a POD controller through inverter-based resources (IBRs) is proposed to reduce the forced oscillation impact on the entire grid.

The proposed method is tested when the external perturbation is active power and compared with the reactive power perturbation result. The proposed method is validated through a case study on the 2000-bus synthetic Texas power system model. The simulation results demonstrate that the critical areas/zones of forced oscillation are related to the areas that highly participate in the natural oscillation. Furthermore, forced oscillation through active power disturbance can have a more severe impact than reactive power disturbance, especially at resonance. The proposed forced oscillation controller can mitigate the impact of the forced oscillation on the entire system when the actuator is close to the forced oscillation source. In addition, active power modulation of IBR can provide better damping performance than reactive power modulation.

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