Date of Award

5-2019

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Major

Social Work

Major Professor

Sherry Cummings

Committee Members

William R. Nugent, Shandra Forrest-Bank, Jennifer A. Morrow

Abstract

Suicide is a serious public health issue in the world (Ra & Cho, 2013). Studies reveal that suicidal ideation may be signal of suicidal actions (Oh, Lee, & Shin, 2014; Park, Cho, & Moon, 2010). Studies also report that about more than 30% of older adults who had serious suicidal ideation made suicide plans (Choi, DiNitto, & Marti, 2015). This means we may prevent suicidal behaviors by reducing suicidal thoughts (Choi et al., 2015; Eom, 2007; Harwood & Jacoby, 2000; Jeong & Kim, 2014; Simons & Murphy, 1985).Intimate Partner Violence among older adults is anticipated to intensify as baby boomers age (Roberto, McPherson, & Brossoie, 2013). IPV negatively influences the mental health of victims, both men and women (Campbell, 2002; Carbone-López, Kruttschnitt, & Macmillan, 2006). Studies show female victims of IPV are at risk of depression in the future even if the IPV stopped (Chuang et al., 2012). Although depression is the critical risk factor for suicidal ideation, some factors may save older adults with depressive symptoms against suicidal ideation (Lee, 2011). However, there is little research examining protective factors against suicidal ideation among older victims of intimate partner violence. The present dissertation consists of three independent papers. The first chapter addresses factors protecting against suicidal ideation among community-dwelling older adults in the U.S. and South Korea: a systematic literature review, the second chapter addresses the impact of protective factors on suicidal ideation among community- dwelling older adults with experience of spousal physical abuse: focusing on direct and indirect effects, and the third chapter addresses the impact of spousal physical abuse on suicidal ideation: focusing on moderating effects of protective factors.

Comments

Chapter 1, in part, is a reprint of the material as it appears in the Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 2018. Authors: Sukyung Yoon & Sherry Cummings. The dissertation author was the primary investigator and author of this paper. Yoon, S., & Cummings, S. Factors Protecting against Suicidal Ideation in South Korean Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01634372.2018.1557310 Chapter 2, in full is currently being prepared for submission for publication of the material. Authors: Sukyung Yoon and dissertation committee members (Sherry Cummings, William R. Nugent, Shandra Forrest-Bank). The dissertation/thesis author was the primary investigator and author of this paper. Chapter 3, in full is currently being prepared for submission for publication of the material. Authors: Sukyung Yoon and dissertation committee members (Sherry Cummings, William R. Nugent, Shandra Forrest-Bank). The dissertation/thesis author was the primary investigator and author of this paper.

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