Source Publication (e.g., journal title)
BMC Veterinary Research volume
This study investigated the burden and predictors of canine E. coli urinary tract infections (UTI) and antimicrobial resistance among dogs presented at a veterinary teaching hospital in South Africa, 2007–2012.
The Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to investigate temporal trends while logistic regression models were used to investigate predictors (age, sex, breed, year) of E. coli infections and antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
A total of 22.3% (168/755) of the urinary specimens tested positive for E. coli. A significant (p = 0.0004) decreasing temporal trend in the percentage of E. coli positive isolates was observed over the study period. There were high levels of AMR to penicillin-G (99%), clindamycin (100%), tylosine (95%), cephalothin (84%) but relatively low levels of resistance to enrofloxacin (16%), orbifloxacin (21%). Almost all (98%, 164/167) the isolates exhibited multidrug resistance (MDR), while only 11% (19/167) and 2% (4/167) exhibited extensive drug resistance (XDR) and pan-drug resistance (PDR), respectively.
Although, the risk of E. coli UTI declined during the study period, the risk of AMR increased. The high levels of AMR and MDR as well as the presence of XDR and PDR is concerning as these have the potential of affecting prognosis of UTI treatments.
Qekwana, Daniel Nenene; Phophi, Lufuno; Naidoo, Vinny; Oguttu, James Wabwire; and Odoi, Agricola, "Antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli isolates from dogs presented with urinary tract infections at a veterinary teaching hospital in South Africa" (2018). Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences.