Castration is removal of the testicles of a male animal. Castration of your bull calves is an easy procedure to perform. Several techniques can be used and all can be mastered by the cattle producer. Feeder steers sell for more than bulls and the difference will pay for the costs associated with the practice several times over. Based on Tennessee livestock auction market reports, 500-pound steer calves sell for $25 more per head than bulls of comparable quality. All male Tennessee feeder calves should be sold as steers.
"PB1664-Castrating Beef Calves," The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service,
PB1664-1.5M-1/01 E12-4415-00-005-01, https://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_agexani/2