This research explores the federalist elements in the mandala (a graphic art pattern in Southeast Asia) and political charisma to discuss their constructive roles as traditional Indonesian political culture in federalizing Indonesia. Since August 17, 1945 when Sukarno declared the independence of the country in Jakarta, the newly–born Indonesia was also finalized as a centralized presidential republic. However, till today, societal diversities in Indonesian society are continuously increasing, the tendency of federalization, therefore, has never entirely faded away. Both the mandala and political charisma de facto have spontaneously generated their own initiatives for federalization since ancient times. Upon illustration of these initiatives, this paper emphasizes the significances of traditional political culture in shaping modern Indonesia’s political regime.
"Mandala and Charisma: The Federalist Potentials in Traditional Indonesian Political Culture,"
Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee: Vol. 5
, Article 17.
Available at: https://trace.tennessee.edu/pursuit/vol5/iss1/17