The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC
The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is described. The detector operates at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It was conceived to study proton-proton (and leadlead) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV (5.5 TeV nucleon-nucleon) and at luminosities up to 1034 cm^2s^-1 (1027 cm^2s^-1). At the core of the CMS detector sits a high-magneticfield and large-bore superconducting solenoid surrounding an all-silicon pixel and strip tracker, a lead-tungstate scintillating-crystals electromagnetic calorimeter, and a brass-scintillator sampling hadron calorimeter. The iron yoke of the flux-return is instrumented with four stations of muon detectors covering most of the 4p solid angle. Forward sampling calorimeters extend the pseudorapidity coverage to high values (jhj _ 5) assuring very good hermeticity. The overall dimensions of the CMS detector are a length of 21.6 m, a diameter of 14.6 m and a total weight of 12500 t.
Spanier, Stefan M and et. al, S. Chatrchyan, "The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC" (2008). Physics and Astronomy Publications and Other Works.