Effects of Elevated CO2 on Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) during the Ante Meridiem Photoperiod for Summer Heat Stress Tolerance
Date of Award
Master of Science
John C. Sorochan
Robert Auge, Carl Sams
The demand for optimum putting conditions requires golf course superintendents to manage cool season creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) in the transition zone and upper south. Summer heat stress combined with low mowing heights and constant traffic are challenges that superintendents must face in order to successfully manage creeping bentgrass from early May to late September. A field experiment was conducted on a Crenshaw putting green under golf course conditions during the 2006 summer and twice during the 2007 summer in Knoxville, TN. 2006 enriched air treatments of ~692 ppm CO2 and ~891 ppm CO2 were compared to a control of ambient air (~363 ppm CO2). 2007 enriched air treatments of ~716 ppm CO2 and ~1076 ppm CO2 were compared to a control of ambient air (~451 ppm CO2). Indirect heat stress was characterized by measuring the accumulation of total nonstructural carbohydrates (TNC) which is the sum of soluble carbohydrates and insoluble starch. The effects of CO2 enriched air on TNC during the ante meridiem (between 12 midnight and 12 noon) photoperiod were determined using near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). The effects of CO2 enriched air on turfgrass quality during the ante meridiem photoperiod were determined using normalized difference vegetative index (NDVI) chlorophyll measurements. Disease and visual quality differences amongst treatments or locations were measured on an incidental basis.
No significance occurred within the 2006 and 2007 TNC or NDVI analysis for differences amongst treatments. 2006 average TNC for shoots were 24.8, 20.1, and 28.5 mg g-1 of tissue for the 363, 692, and 891 ppm CO2 levels, respectively. 2006 average NDVI for shoots were 7.2, 7.3, and 7.3 for the 363, 692, and 891 ppm CO2 levels, respectively. 2007average TNC for shoots were 25.6, 18.9, and 23.1 mg g-1 of tissue for the 451, 716, and 1076 ppm CO2 levels, respectively. 2007 average NDVI for shoots were 7.9, 8.0, and 8.0 for the 451, 716, and 1076 ppm CO2 levels, respectively. All results were analyzed at 0.05 probability level within SAS 9.1. No incidence of disease or visual quality differences among treatments or locations occurred.
Tocco Jr., Rodney V., "Effects of Elevated CO2 on Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) during the Ante Meridiem Photoperiod for Summer Heat Stress Tolerance. " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 2008.