Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Industrial Engineering

Major Professor

Andrew J. Yu

Committee Members

Xueping Li, James L. Simonton, Ernest L. Brothers


This mixed methods study describes the development of a university technology transfer that Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) can use to become more self-reliant financially. HBCUs lag behind their peer non-HBCUs because historically they have been under-served and were originally established largely as teaching and blue collar trade schools. Increased involvement in research oriented activities such as technology transfer will likely enable HBCUs to grow into new or stronger research institutions. The literature review revealed several problem areas with non-HBCUs university technology transfer include: (1) lack of quality standard benchmarks; (2) resource planning issues; (3) processing delays; and (4) need for improved intellectual property policies. These problem areas for non-HBCUs would be challenging for HBCUs as well. Despite these problems, the non-HBCUs are generating licensing revenues.

Systems dynamics is the process of combining the theory, method and philosophy necessary to analyze the behavior of a system in order to provide a common foundation that can be applied whenever it is desired to understand and influence how things change over time. Applying the systems dynamics approach, a theoretical framework comprised of tight linkages between the social comparison theory (Festinger, 1954), resource based view (Barney, 1991), Forrester’s theory of distribution management related to supply chain management (Mentzer, 2001), and the paradigm-effect theory (Barker, 1992; Kuhn, 1996) was developed. This theoretical framework was used to research four (4) tools in an advanced planning system to address the four (4) non-HBCU technology transfer problem areas.

First, a benchmarking tool was developed for use by HBCUs to establish technology transfer quality standards. Second, a budget resource planning tool was developed using a linear programming optimization technique. Third, a tech transfer job scheduling tool was developed using an advanced optimization technique. Fourth, a Model IP Policy tool was drafted.

Increased HBCU participation in tech transfer represents a paradigm shift. When old paradigms lose their effectiveness, one of the reasons leaders do not solve problems right away is the lack of technological tools (Barker, 1992). This toolkit is an advanced planning system to help HBCUs and other emerging research institutions better compete for licensing revenues.

Hamilton Dissertation Attachment Figure 22.pdf (287 kB)
Figure 22. University Tech Transfer Supply Chain Network Inputs

Hamilton Dissertation Attachment Figure 30.pdf (172 kB)
Figure 30. Flow Chart University Tech Transfer Job Scheduling Tool

Hamilton Dissertation Attachment Table 14.pdf (164 kB)
Table 14. Non-HBCUs NRC Faculty Quality Data by Program

Hamilton Dissertation Attachment Table 16.pdf (146 kB)
Table 16. Budget Resource Planning Tool – Cost Demand Supply Data – Experiment 1

Hamilton Dissertation Attachment Table 17.pdf (217 kB)
Table 17. Non-HBCU Technology Transfer Program Features Correlation Matrix

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