Date of Award

8-2015

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Major

Mechanical Engineering

Major Professor

Richard D. Komistek

Committee Members

William Hamel, Mohamed R. Mahfouz, Aly Fathy, Adrija Sharma

Abstract

The objective of this dissertation was to determine the mechanics of the cam-post mechanism for subjects implanted with a Rotating Platform (RP) PS TKA, Fixed Bearing (FB) PS TKA or FB Bi-Cruciate Stabilized (BCS) TKA. Additionally, a secondary goal of this dissertation was to investigate the feasibility of vibroarthrography in correlating in-vivo vibrations with features exhibited in native, arthritic and implanted knees. In-vivo, 3D kinematics were determined for subjects implanted with nine knees with a RP-PS TKA, five knees with a FB-PS TKA, and 10 knees with a FB-BCS TKA, while performing a deep knee bend. Distance between the cam-post surfaces was monitored throughout flexion and the predicted contact map was calculated. A forward dynamic model was constructed for 3 test cases to determine the variation in the nature of contact forces at the cam-post interaction. Lastly, a different set of patients was monitored using vibroarthrography to determine differences in vibration between native, arthritic and implanted knees. Posterior cam-post engagement occurred at 34° for FB-BCS, 93o for FB-PS and at 97° for RP-PS TKA. In FB-BCS and FB-PS knees, the contact initially occurred on the medial aspect of the tibial post and then moved centrally and superiorly with increasing flexion. For RP-PS TKA, it was located centrally on the post at all times. Force analysis determined that the forces at the cam-post interaction were 1.6*body-weight, 2.0*body-weight, and 1.3*body-weight for the RP-PS, FB-BCS and FB-PS TKA. Sound analysis revealed that there were distinct differences between native and arthritic knees which could be differentiated using a pattern classifier with 97.5% accuracy. Additionally, vibrations from implanted knees were successfully correlated to occurrences such as lift-off and cam-post engagement. This study suggests that mobility of the polyethylene plays a significant role in ensuring proper cam-post interaction in RP-PS TKA. The polyethylene insert rotates axially in accord with the rotating femur, maintaining central cam-post contact. This phenomenon was not observed in the FB-BCS and FB-PS TKAs.

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