Date of Award

8-2011

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Major

Materials Science and Engineering

Major Professor

Bin Hu

Committee Members

Roberto S. Benson, Jayne Wu, Shanfeng Wang

Abstract

It has been found that non-magnetic organic semiconductors can show some magnetic responses in low magnetic field (<100 >mT). When applying magnetic field, the electroluminescence, electrical current, photocurrent, and photoluminescence could change with magnetic field, which are called magnetic field effects.

Magnetic field effects are generated through spin-dependent process affected by the internal magnetic interaction. In nonmagnetic materials, hyperfine interaction has been supposed to dominantly affect the spin-dependent process recently. But the conclusion was made in weak spin-orbital coupling organic semiconductor. The hyperfine interaction might not be the main reason responsible for magnetic field effects in strong spin-orbital coupling materials. Therefore, the study of magnetic field effects in strong spin-orbital coupling organic semiconductor is important to get a whole view of the origin of the magnetic field effects in nonmagnetic organic semiconductors.

This dissertation will clarify the generation mechanism of magnetic field effect in nonmagnetic organic semiconductors and further explore how the strong spin-orbital coupling affecting the magnetic field effect.

It has been found the intermolecular excited states are important inter-median for magnetic field effects. The change of intersystem crossing at intermolecular excited states will change the singlet/triplet ratio and further generate magnetic field effects through different recombination and dissociation properties of singlet and triplet intermolecular excited states.

Both the energy transfer effect coupled spin orbital coupling and energy transfer effect free spin orbital-coupling are discussed in the dissertation. The tuning of the magnetic field effect by adjusting the spin-orbital coupling is also established through distance effect and interface effect. It has been found that changing inter-molecular spin-orbital coupling is a critical factor to generate magnetic field effects in organic semiconductors. And the sensitivity of different magnetic field effects to strong spin-orbital coupling strength is depending on the final product.

The internal magnetic interaction can be hyperfine interaction, spin orbital coupling and spin-spin interaction between electrons. The hyperfine interaction and spin orbital coupling are important in nonmagnetic organic semiconductors. But the electron spin-spin interaction is important in magnetic organic semiconductors. The magnetocurrent for magnetic and nonmagnetic organic semiconductors at different temperature has been compared.

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