Conjunctival xanthoma in a blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna)
A 17-year-old female blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna) presented for evaluation of a discreet, conjunctival mass of the OD. No other abnormalities were found on ophthalmic or physical examination. A heterophilic leukocytosis was present on the complete blood count, and elevated aspartate aminotransferase activity, creatinine kinase activity and cholesterol were present on the plasma biochemistry panel. Surgical removal of the mass was complete and no recurrence has occurred by six months after excision. Reduction of dietary fats was recommended to reduce serum cholesterol levels and reduce the likelihood of future occurrence of xanthomas in this bird.
Marcy J. Souza, N S. Johnstone-McLean, D Ward, and K Newkirk. "Conjunctival xanthoma in a blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna)" Veterinary ophthalmology 12.1 (2009): 53-55.