Amid heated political rhetoric from both sides of the abortion debate, President Bush signed the Unborn Victims of Violence Act ("the Act") into law on April 1, 2004. The Act, also referred to as "Laci and Connor's Law," makes the killing of a fetus during the commission of certain Federal crimes a separate offense punishable in varying degrees. Pro-life campaigners maintain that the Act is necessary to reduce the ever-increasing numbers of violent attacks against pregnant women. Pro-choice advocates, on the other hand, argue that the Act is nothing more than an attempt to "erode the foundations of the right to choose as recognized by the Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade."

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