We estimated survival rates for radio-marked northern bobwhites ( Colinus virginianus) in south-central Iowa from I 984 to I 988. Survival rates and survival functions were calculated for 2 areas that received different and varied amounts of hunting pressure. Survival from fall-spring averaged 17.1 % ± 6.9% on the Brown's Slough study area (BSSA) and 20.1 % ± 5.7% on the Millerton study area (MSA). Although these estimates were not different (P = 0.898), the survival functions did differ between the 2 areas (x2 = 25.82, P<0.001). Mortality due to hunting averaged 27.7% ± 8.2% on the BSSA during the fall-spring period and 12.3% ± 4.9% on the MSA. Predators accounted for 52% of fall-spring mortality on the BSSA and 79% of the mortality on the MSA. The BSSA had much lower rates of predation the 2 months following the hunting season. Survival rates during both the spring-fall period and annually did not differ between the 2 areas (P = 0.395 and P = 0.979). Hunting did not appear to be a limiting factor for quail numbers on these areas during the study.
Suchy, Willie J. and Munkel, Ronald J.
"Survival Rates for Northern Bobwhites on Two Areas with Different Levels of Harvest,"
National Quail Symposium Proceedings: Vol. 4
, Article 39.
Available at: http://trace.tennessee.edu/nqsp/vol4/iss1/39