We studied nesting behavior of radio-tagged northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) in south-central Iowa from 1984 to 1988. Female bobwhite incubated 78% of81 clutches where incubation was observed and males incubated 22%. On only 1 occasion were both a male and female observed to incubate the same clutch. Incubation was initiated on 73% of the nests by females before 1 July, while incubation was initiated on 56% of the clutches by males after 1 July. Males hatched 16% of all clutches, first nests by females accounted for 69%, renests for 4%, and second clutches by females that had already hatched 1 clutch for 11 %. Chicks from 3 of the first broods of females that hatched ~l brood survived for ~l week and were not accompanied by other adults. These breeding strategies appear to provide bobwhite populations multiple chances at recruitment in variable environments.
Suchy, Willie J. and Munkel, Ronald J.
"Breeding Strategies of the Northern Bobwhite in Marginal Habitat,"
National Quail Symposium Proceedings: Vol. 3
, Article 9.
Available at: http://trace.tennessee.edu/nqsp/vol3/iss1/9