True metabolizable energy (TME) and nitrogen-corrected true metabolizable energy (TMEn) bioassays were used to determine available energy content of several northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) foods. A proximate analysis and trypsin inhibitor (TI) activity were also determined for each food. Corn (Zea mays) was found to contain the highest amount ofTMEn (4.37 kcal/g dry matter) compared with Fayette soybeans (Glycine max; 3.93 kcal/g), Korean lespedeza (Kummerowia stipuki.ceae; 3.73 kcal/g), Marion lespedeza (K. striata; 3.71 kcal/g), tick-trefoil (Desmodium spp.; 3.51 kcal/g), and wild trailing (WI') soybeans (3.24 kcal/g). The higher TMEn value of corn was attributed to its high digestible carbohydrate content and lack of appreciable TI activity.
Spurlock, M. E. and Savage, J. E.
"Determination of True Metabolizable Energy Content of Bobwhite Foods,"
National Quail Symposium Proceedings: Vol. 3
, Article 15.
Available at: http://trace.tennessee.edu/nqsp/vol3/iss1/15