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Abstract

This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of various approaches for nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation with the intention of determining how best to promote a Weapons of Mass Destruction Free Zone in the Middle East (MEWMDFZ). Using a qualitative approach, I investigate historical cases of agreements regarding nonproliferation zones and examine the causes for deadlock through a perusal of historic successes and failures coupled with a review of relevant literature. Particular focus is given to the failure of the NPT Review Conference of 2015. Furthermore, I discuss the importance of role-play simulations and their indications of the need for capacity building and cooperation on verification, dismantlement, and security assurances. The paper concludes that empowering and institutionalizing the NPT review process is necessary for the establishment of a MEWMDFZ and that taking concrete steps must be taken towards dismantling existing programs and disarming existing nuclear powers in order to move forward in the zonal process. I argue that an extensive verification scheme in which nuclear weapons states make an annual declaration to a register maintained by the United Nations would promote transparency and enhance confidence in the arms reduction process.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

 

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