Use of the Culture Care Theory and Ethnonursing Method to discover how nursing faculty teach culture care

Sandra J Mixer
Assistant Professor of Nursing, Middle Tennessee State University; PhD Candidate, University of Northern Colorado, Franklin TN, United States of America

PP: 23 - 36

Abstract

As the world becomes increasingly multicultural, transcultural nursing education is critical to ensuring a culturally competent workforce. This paper presents a comprehensive review of literature and results of an ethnonursing pilot study using the Culture Care Theory (CCT) to discover how nursing faculty teach culture care.

The literature revealed that despite 50 years of transcultural nursing knowledge development through theory, research and practice, there remains a lack of formal, integrated culture education in nursing. The importance of faculty providing generic and professional care to nursing students and using an organising framework to teach culture care was discovered. Additionally, care was essential for faculty health and well-being to enable faculty to teach culture care.

This unique use of the theory and method demonstrates its usefulness in discovering and describing the complex nature of teaching culture care. Larger scale studies are predicted to further substantiate the CCT, building the discipline of nursing.

| More

Keywords

culture care theory, ethnonursing research method, teaching culture care, research, nursing education, culturally congruent care


View references

References

Alpers RR and Zoucha R (1996) Comparison of cultural competence and cultural confidence of senior nursing students in a private southern university, Journal of Cultural Diversity 3: 9–15.

American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2004) Online FY05-06 Strategic Plan. Accessed at http:www.aacn.nche./edu/ContactUs/Strtplan.htm on 1 October 2004.

Baldonado A, Ludwig Beymer P, Barnes K, Starsiak D, Nemivant EB and Anonas-Ternate A (1998) Transcultural nursing practice described by registered nurses and baccalaureate nursing students, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 9: 15–25.

Bosworth TL, Halburdo EP, Hetrick C, Patchett K, Thompson MA and Welch M (2006) International partnerships to promote quality care: Faculty groundwork, student projects and outcomes, The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing 37: 32–38.

Brennan SJ and Schulze MW (2004) Cultural immersion through ethnography: The lived experience and group process, Journal of Nursing Education 43: 285–288.

Caffrey RA, Neander W, Markle D and Stewart B (2005) Improving the cultural competence of nursing students: Results of integrating cultural content in the curriculum and an international immersion experience, Journal of Nursing Education 44: 234–240.

Campinha-Bacote J (2005) A Biblically Based Model of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services, Transcultural CARE Associates, Cincinnati OH.

Campinha-Bacote J (2003) The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services: A culturally competent model of care, Transcultural CARE Associates, Cincinnati OH.

Canales MK and Bowers BJ (2001) Expanding conceptualizations of culturally competent care, Journal of Advanced Nursing 36: 102–111.

Carpio BA and Majumdar B (1993) Experiential learning: An approach to transcultural education for nursing, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 4: 4–11.

Coffman MJ, Shellman J and Bernal H (2004) An integrative review of American nurses’ perceived cultural self-efficacy, Journal of Nursing Scholarship 36: 180–185.

Cook PR and Cullen JA (2000) Diversity as a value in undergraduate nursing education, Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 21: 178.

Edwards K (2003) Increasing cultural competence and decreasing disparities in health. Journal of Cultural Diversity 10: 111-12.

Evans BC (2004) Application of the caring curriculum to education of Hispanic/Latino and American Indian nursing students, Journal of Nursing Education 43: 219–228.

Evans BC and Severtsen BM (2001) Storytelling as cultural assessment, Nursing and Health Care Perspectives 22: 180–183.

Gardner J (2005) Barriers influencing the success of racial and ethnic minority students in nursing programs, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 16: 155–162.

Grossman D, Massey P, Blais K, Geiger E, Lowe J, Pereira O, Stewart A, Taylor R, Filer V, Nembhard J and Tally-Ross N (1998) Cultural diversity in Florida nursing programs: A survey of deans and directors, Journal of Nursing Education 37: 22–26.

Hegyvary ST (2006) Health disparities related to race and ethnicity, Journal of Nursing Scholarship Third Quarter: 205.

Hern MJ, Vaugh G, Mason D and Wietkamp T (2005) Creating an international nursing practice and education workplace, Journal of Pediatric Nursing 20: 34–44.

Hoffman RL, Messmer PR, Hill-Rodriguez DL and Vazquez D (2005) A collaborative approach to expand clinical experiences and cultural awareness among undergraduate nursing students, Journal of Professional Nursing 21: 240–243.

Hughes KH and Hood LJ (2007) Teaching methods and an outcome tool for measuring cultural sensitivity in undergraduate nursing students, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 18: 57–62.

Jefferies MR and Smodlaka I (1999) Construct validation of the transcultural self-efficacy tool. Journal of Nursing Education 38: 222–227.

Kulwicki A and Boloink BJ (1996) Assessment of level of comfort in providing multicultural nursing car by baccalaureate nursing students, Journal of Cultural Diversity 3: 40–45.

Leininger M (2006a) Culture care diversity and universality theory and evolution of the ethnonursing method, in Leininger M and McFarland MR (eds) Culture Care Diversity & Universality: A worldwide nursing theory 2nd edn, Ch 1, Jones & Bartlett, New York.

Leininger M (2006b) Ethnonursing research method and enablers [Revised reprint] in Leininger M and McFarland MR (Eds) Culture Care Diversity & Universality: A worldwide nursing theory 2nd edn, Ch 2, Jones & Bartlett, New York.

Majumdar B, Browne G, Roberts J and Carpio B (2004) Effects of cultural sensitivity training on health care provider attitudes and patient outcomes, Journal of Nursing Scholarship 36: 161–166.

Marchesani LS and Adams M (1992) Dynamics of diversity in the teaching-learning process: A faculty development model for analysis and action, New Directions in Teaching and Learning 52: 9–20.

McFarland MR and Leininger M (2002) Transcultural nursing: Curricular concepts, principles and teaching and learning activities for the 21st Century, in Leininger M and McFarland MR (eds) Culture Care Diversity & Universality: A worldwide nursing theory 2nd edn, Ch 34, McGraw-Hill, USA.

McFarland MM, Mixer SJ, Lewis AE and Easley CE (2006) Use of the Culture Care Theory as a framework for the recruitment, engagement and retention of culturally diverse students in a traditionally European American baccalaureate nursing program, in Leininger M and McFarland MR (eds) Culture Care Diversity & Universality: A worldwide nursing theory 2nd edn, Ch 8, Jones & Bartlett, New York.

Newman M and Williams J (2003) Educating nurses in Rhode Island: A lot of diversity in a little place, Journal of Cultural Diversity 10: 91–95.

Pacquiao D (2007) The relationship between cultural competence education and increasing diversity in nursing schools and practice settings, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 18: 28S–37S.

Rew L, Becker H, Cookston J, Khosropur S and Martinez S (2003) Measuring cultural awareness in nursing students, Journal of Nursing Education 42: 249–257.

Ryan M, Carlton K and Ali N (2000) Transcultural nursing concepts and experiences in nursing curricula, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 11: 300–307.

Ryan M and Twibell RS (2002) Outcomes of a transcultural nursing immersion experience: Confirmation of a dimensional matrix, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 13: 30–39.

Ryan M, Twibell R, Brigham C and Bennett P (2000) Learning to care for clients in their world, not mine, Journal of Nursing Education 39: 402–408.

Sargent SE, Sedlack CA and Martsolf DS (2005) Cultural competence among nursing students and faculty, Nurse Education Today 25: 214–221.

Schmitz B, Paul SP and Greenberg JD (1992) Creating multicultural classrooms: An experience-derived faculty development program, New Directions for Teaching and Learning 42: 75–87.

St Clair A and McKenry L (1999) Preparing culturally competent practitioners [electronic version], Journal of Nursing Education 38: 228–234.

The Sullivan Commission: Kellogg Foundation (2004) Missing Persons: Minorities in the health professions. A report of the Sullivan Commission on diversity in the healthcare workforce, Battle Creek MI, accessed at http://admissions.duhs.duke.edu/sullivancommission/index.cfm on 14 November 2006.

US Census Bureau (2005) USA Quick Facts from the US Census Bureau, accessed at http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/00000.html on 9 April 2007.

US Department of Health and Human Services (1996) National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice; Report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services on the Basic Registered Nurse Work Force, US Government Printing Office, Washington DC.

Wilson AH, Sanner SJ and McAlliter LE (November 2003) The Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International Diversity Resource Paper, accessed at http://www/nursingsociety.org/about/Diversity-paper.pdf. on 9 April 2007.

Yearwood EL, Brown DL and Karlik EC (2002) Cultural diversity: Student’s perspectives, Journal of Transcultural Nursing 13: 237–240.



Sign Me Up

*Email Address
First Name
Surname

Web Feed

Latest Articles

Call for Papers

Indigenous Health Care (2nd edn)
Volume 37/1
Deadline: 30th Jun 2010


Special Issues

Nursing Workforce and Workplaces
Volume 36/1
Summary


Modeling of Clinical Nursing Care
Volume 35/2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Mental Health Nursing Second Edition
Volume 34/2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Nursing and Gender
Volume 33/2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Nurse Education
Volume 32/1-2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Nursing: History of Nursing and Midwifery in Australasia
Volume 30/2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Transcultural Nursing: Pathways to Cultural Awareness (2nd edn)
Volume 28/1-2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Palliative and Supportive Care
Volume 27/1
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Aged Care: Retirement to End of Life
Volume 26/2
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary General Practice Nursing: Role of the Practice Nurse
Volume 26/1
Summary | Contents


Advances in Contemporary Nurse Recruitment and Retention: Problems and Challenges in Human Capacity Development
Volume 24/2
Summary | Contents


crossref.org - The citation linking backbone



Website by Arrowsmith Websites. Business, Government & Corporate Websites, Web Hosting, Domain Names & SEO. Maleny, Sunshine Coast, Australia.